How the Judgment is Established in the Day of Judgment
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
(Speech was delivered by Imam Mohamed Baianonie at the Islamic Center of Raleigh, N. C., on October 21, 1988)
We are still talking about the accountability in the Day of Judgment. That great day in which Allah (S.W.T.) judges his creation and establish justice among them. The Messenger of Allah informs us about some aspects on how judgment is established in that day.
Imam Bukhari reported that the prophet (S.A.W.) said: "If any Muslims has oppressed his brother concerning his honor or anything else, let him obtain his pardon today (in this world) before the time comes when he will have neither Dinars nor Dirhams (i.e. he will be penniless). If the aggressor may have some good deeds (in his account) the same would be deducted in equal proportion to his wrongs, if the aggressor will have no good deeds in his account, the wrongs of the aggrieved would be added to the account of the aggressor in equal proportion!"
In another hadith narrated by Imam Muslim that the prophet (S.A.W.) once asked his companions: " Do you know who is a pauper. The companions replied that a pauper is a person who had no money or property. The Prophet (S.A.W.) elucidated the point said: 'a pauper from among my followers (ummah) is one who will come on the day of judgment with a good record of salah (prayers) and seiam (fasting) and zakat (Obligatory charity) but also he had abused somebody: Slandered against someone: Stole the wealth of another person, had killed someone or beaten yet another person. Then all the oppressed persons will receive a part of the aggressors' good deeds. Should they fall short of his aggression, then the aggrieved person's sins and defaults, will be transferred from them to him, and he will be thrown into the Fire (Hell)!"
Almura’oon (are those who did their deeds in this life just to show off), will be the first people to be chastised on the Day of Judgment. Are the first people who will be punished in the Day of Judgment?
The prophet warns us of this type of behavior and shows a picture of their trial in the Day of Judgment.
Imam Muslim reported that the prophet (S.A.W.) say: "The first person whose case will be adjudicated on the Day of Judgment, will be a martyr. He will be called and shown all the bounties which have been granted to him. He will recognize them (He will admit that he did have them) and then will be asked: what use did you make of the bounties? He will say: I carried on Jihad (fighting) in the cause till I was martyred, Allah will tell him: You are lying: you fought so that you might be known as brave man: And in fact you were known as such. It will be decided that he should be dragged on his face and thrown into Hell. Next will be brought a man who had acquired knowledge and had studied the Qur’an. He will be shown the favors bestowed on him and will recognize them and will be asked: How did you use them? He will say. 'I acquired Knowledge and taught it to others and read the Qur’an for The Pleasure. He will be told: 'you are a liar. Your acquired knowledge only to be called a learned person and you read the Qur’an so that you might be called a Qari (reader), and so you were called. As per divine judgment he will also be dragged on his face and thrown into Hell. Then he will also be dragged on his face and thrown into Hell. Then another man will be brought forward on whom Allah the most High will have granted him all kind of wealth and property in abundance. He will also be shown the favors bestowed upon him, which he will recognize. He will also be shown the favors bestowed upon him, Which he will recognize. He will be asked: 'How did you use them'? He will say: I spent them in all the ways they approve; and I spent them in all these ways so as to win the pleasure. He will be told: you are lying; you did all that you might be called a generous person and you were called as such. It will then he ordered that he may be dragged to Hell."
Among the things that Allah (S.W.T.) will ask us about is the Day of Judgment, are visiting the sick, and giving charity to the poor and treating them well. About that the profit tells us as reported by Imam Muslim that the prophet (S.A.W.) said: "Allah, the lord of honor and glory, will say on the Day of Judgment: O son of Adam! I was sick and you did not visit me! The man will submit. My lord! How could I have visited you when you are Sustainer of the world? Allah will say: "Did you know that my servant so and so was sick and you did not visit him? Did you not realize that if you had visited him you would have found me with him? O Son of Adam! I asked you for food but you did not give me food. The man will submit: "O My Sustainer! How could I have fed you when you are the Sustaner of the world? Allah will say: "Did you know that my servant so and so asked for food and you did not fed him? Did you not realize that if you had fed him you would have found its reward with me? O son of Adam! I asked you for water but you did not give me water. The man will submit, "My Sustainer! How could I have given the to drink when you are the Sustainer of the worlds?" Allah will say: "My servant so and so asked you for a drink but you did not give him water. Did you not realize that if you had given him to drink you would have found its reward with me?"
Messenger (S.A.W.) shows us a picture of a man's trial "questioning" who committed lot of sins, but he has true and honest believer. Therefore, Allah forgives him from all his sins and enters him the paradise.
In an authentic hadith reported by Imam Ahmad and At-Tirmithi that messenger of Allah said: "Allah will select a man of my nation among all his creation in the day of judgment, and he shows him ninety-nine files. Each file as long as eye's sight then Allah says to him: "Do you object any thing of this?" "Did the registrars of the deeds miswrote", the man says: "No Lord", Allah then says to him: Do you have any excuse, the man says: "No lord" Allah says: "Yes, you have a good deed. A card emerges written on it: I witness that there is no god but Allah and Muhammad is his messenger, Allah says to him: Bring your weight (meaning the bad deeds) the man says: O lord, what can this card do with these books. Allah says: "You will not be oppressed, then the books are placed in one side of the scale and the card in the other side of the scale, and the card would out weight the books. The prophet said: The name of Allah would out weight any thing."
These are some of the authentic ahadeth the Judgment in the Day of Resurrection. These ahadeth are for us to know what is going to happen so that we prepare ourselves for that great position by applying the orders of Allah and His messenger Muhammad (S.A.W.) in our life. Omar (R.A.) used to say: "Judge yourself before you are judged and weight your deeds before it is weighted for you.
In conclusion, let us weight our deeds and look at it. If it is good, thanks to Allah otherwise, let us repent and ask Allah for forgiveness because the true and honest repentance wipe out the sins and the repenter of the sin as one who has no sin. These are some of the authentic hadiths describing the Judgment.