Unity, as an Outstanding Feature of Hajj
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
(Friday speech delivered by Imam Mohamed Baianonie at the Islamic Center of Raleigh, NC on May 18, 1990)
Islamic unity is one of the outstanding features of hajj. This unity is based on Islam by holding firm to the rope of Allah. This unity has been declared by Allah in His Noble book, the Qur’an, and it has been implemented and practiced by the prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.), his companions, and followers. Since the time of the Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) this political unity has been propagated from generation to generation, up until the time when the rope that unified the Muslims was eliminated. That political unity vanished as a result of the elimination of the Islamic Rule on Earth carried by the Khilafah.
The only way to restore Islamic unity is to restore the existence of the Islamic State. This way Islam can be applied in totality. Any other method used to restore unity among the Muslim ummah will not succeed, for the simple reason that it is not based on Allah's rope and deen.
So we see from a political perspective, that Islamic unity will not be realized until an Islamic state, which applies Islam in totality is established.
How do we view Islamic unity from a social perspective? In other words, how do we look at this unity, as individuals? Would holding the current governments and regimes responsible for the absence of the political unity in the Muslim world relieve us from the responsibility to restore this absent obligation? Or do we have total responsibility to establish Islamic Unity? And how do we do that?
To answer these questions, we refer to what Allah (S.W.T.) says in the Qur’an in surat Al-Emran, (Verse 103), what can be translated as, "Hold fast, All together by the rope which Allah stretches out for you, and be not divided among yourselves." This verse indicates two things, two orders: Hold fast, All together to the rope of Allah, and do not be divided.
First, hold fast, all together to the rope of Allah is a general order, which includes every single Muslim without exception, whether they are rulers or being ruled. And every individual Muslim is responsible according to his/her ability and authority. No one is exempt from this responsibility. At the same time no one should be over burdened with the total responsibility of unifying the Muslim ummah.
The second thing the previous ayah (Verse) indicates is, do not be divided among yourselves. This is also a general order, which is meant for all members of the Muslim ummah without exception. So we do not have any excuse to remain scattered, divided, waiting for the Khilafah to be reestablish and unify us. On the contrary, the Islamic Khilafah will not exist again as long as we are divided.
The political unity of the Muslim ummah (nation) will not come into existence without the legitimate Muslim Ruler. We must understand that this Muslim Ruler, the Khalifah, will not come into existence without some type of social unity among the individuals in the Muslim ummah.
Therefore, it should be clear that unity on the individual level precedes the coming about of political unity on the state level, merely because unity on the state level will not exist without the Khalifah! And the Khalifah will not come into being without the prior existence of Islamic unity on the individual level.
To put it in different terms, the restoration of the Khilafah will not happen unless a unity is established to gather, and direct Muslims' efforts and potentials, to achieve the great goal of instituting the Khilafah. Though we must keep in mind, that this goal has been, and is, being hindered by the unified and well-organized efforts of the devils that exist inside and outside this great Muslim ummah of ours.
Would any wise person imagine that the efforts of divided Muslims can overcome the united efforts of our enemies. This will not happen even by a Miracle. Simply because Allah's miracles will not come to support Muslims that are divided among themselves. Allah advises us in His Glorious book, in surat Al-Anfal, (Verse 46), what can be translated as, "And obey Allah and His Messenger, and do not dispute (with one another) lest you lose courage and your strength depart…"
The total Islamic Unity does not prevail except in an Islamic State, and no Islamic State will ever be reestablished without Islamic brotherhood and unity among the Muslim individuals.
Here, we remember the famous "Fiqh" rule, which says: "The thing that is a prerequisite to fulfill an obligation is an obligation itself." Meaning that reestablishing Islamic brotherhood and unity among the Muslim individuals is a prerequisite to fulfill the restoration of Islamic Khilafah on earth. Therefore brotherhood among Muslims is an obligation. Not African American Muslims, not Pakistani, not Arab, not Palestinian, not Egyptian Muslims, but brotherhood among Muslims is an obligation.
This approach can be found clearly from the life of the prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) at the early stages of establishing Islamic state on the earth. The first Islamic State was established by the prophet himself in Madinah after his migration from Mecca. This state has actually prevailed since the declaration of a new doctrine that was set by the prophet (S.A.W.). This doctrine clarifies and regulates the relations among the Muslims themselves as well as their relations with neighboring non-Muslims.
It must be noted that the existence of the first Islamic State was preceded by Islamic unity among the individual Muslims in the form of brotherhood. Imam Ibn-Hajar narrated in his Explanation of Sahih Bukhari that, "Making brotherhood happened twice among Muslims at the time of the prophet (S.A.W.), once among Mecca’s Muslims before migration, and once between the immigrants and the local Muslims in Madinah after migration. (Vol. 7, Page 191)" This second "solidifying of brotherhood" was much more serious than the first one. It was more than just emotional support, but it included material support and they even used to inherit from each other, after death (the two brothers) without being blood relatives. However, this type of inheritance was banned and overruled by the (verse 75) in surat Al-Anfal that was revealed after the battle of Badr, what can be translated as, "But kindred by blood are nearer the decree ordained by Allah."
We as individuals or Islamic organizations, are responsible to reestablish the unity among ourselves, starting from the simplest rights and duties of the Islamic brotherhood and ending with gathering and organizing all the efforts to reestablish Islamic Khilafah on earth. And any shortcoming of other brothers will not relieve us from this responsibility to the best of our ability.
The Islamic Unity among ourselves cannot be achieved by just occasional exchange of warm emotions, but we must work objectively to come up with one work plan in which every one of us has his share of duty to fulfill. By having this Islamic organized teamwork, we hope, by the blessing of Allah (S.W.T.) and His help, that we can achieve our goal of reestablishing Islamic Khilafah on earth.
Finally, we should be aware that the Islamic Unity among individual Muslims and Islamic organizations is the obligation of the time, which should take the first priority of our efforts, and getting busy with other things which do not help in fulfilling the obligation is a sin.
The last but not least, if we Muslims (individuals and organizations) do not succeed in making true unity among ourselves, then we cannot ask the others for making it nor can we expect it to happen on the state level. In other words, if we failed in achieving this unity among ourselves, we will be one of the obstacles that the others must overcome and may not be able to.